Different types of vehicle finance

Different types of vehicle finance

Different types of vehicle finance
19 May 2022

Spread the cost of your van or car with vehicle finance

A new vehicle can cost tens of thousands of pounds – a hefty sum to pay all at once!

In an ideal world, you would save up and pay it in one go – whether your old vehicle needs replacing; or it has been written off, or you need more seats for a growing family; or a commercial vehicle for your expanding business – but the demands of life may mean you need a new set of wheels sooner than you can save for it.

Vehicle finance is one way to spread the cost of a vehicle over several months or years. However, there are risks and costs involved, so it is essential to do your research and compare offers before taking any credit.

What are the different types of vehicle finance?

There are several ways to finance your new vehicle with credit. Here are the main ones:

Personal or Business Loan

A personal loan or a business loan could give you enough money to buy a vehicle outright. You will then repay the loan over a set period of time, usually at a fixed interest rate.

One advantage of a personal (or business) loan is that it is unsecured, meaning you don’t have to use an asset (such as your vehicle or house) as security. If you fail to repay the loan, the lender can forcibly sell the security to recoup their investment. An unsecured loan means less risk for you but more risk for the lender, so you (or your business) may need a good credit score to get approved.

It is sometimes easier to get approval or a better rate by applying for a secured loan against your vehicle or an asset if it's a business loan. However, you may lose the vehicle (or asset) if you can’t keep up with repayments.

Hire Purchase

With a vehicle Hire Purchase agreement, you’ll usually put down an initial payment to take the vehicle away. You’ll then make monthly payments towards the cost of the vehicle. Still, you won’t own it (or be able to sell it privately) until the final payment has been paid – along with an extra ' option to purchase ' fee, usually around £100-£200.

This is quite different from buying a vehicle with a personal or business loan – where you’d buy the vehicle outright at the start of your repayment plan.

What’s more, with a Hire Purchase agreement, your debt is secured against the vehicle. So if you stop making your payments, the company may take the vehicle off you to recover the money you still owe.

It is important to note that you may be required to pay a penalty fee if you terminate a Hire Purchase agreement early.

Find out more about:

Business Hire Purchase       Personal Hire Purchase

0% Finance

Some vehicles come with a finance option. You would put down a deposit and pay the remainder in monthly instalments. This option may necessitate a sizeable down payment, as well as high monthly payments. However, if you follow the terms of the agreement and make all of your payments on time and in full, you should not have to pay any interest on the debt.


When you lease a vehicle, you do not ever actually own the vehicle; you make regular rental payments for using it. How much you are charged is usually based on the vehicle's value, how long you will use it, and the agreed mileage allowance.

You may pay less each month than if you were paying off a vehicle bought on credit, but there may be extra costs involved. For example, if the vehicle is a bit scuffed up at the end of the lease, you may be charged an "excessive wear and tear" fee – check the BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear guide for more detailed information on what is acceptable and what is not. Please note that not all finance companies adhere to this BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Guide.

You will need fully comprehensive vehicle insurance. Any damage to the vehicle will need to be paid for out of your pocket when you return it. Some companies may insist you also take out GAP insurance – Guaranteed Asset Protection – is designed to cover the difference between the total amount of finance outstanding against your agreement and the insurance value of the vehicle following a total loss, which gives both yourself and the funder more protection against damage or theft.

Find out more about:


Personal Contract Purchase (PCP) / Business Contract Purchase (BCP)

PCP or BCP finance agreements are two of the most common forms of new vehicle finance, but they can also be one of the most complex. For example, with Contract Purchase, you won’t buy the vehicle outright. Instead, you'll make a non-refundable deposit toward the vehicle's purchase price and borrow the rest. You’ll then make monthly payments to cover interest and depreciation cost – what the vehicle loses in value while you have it.

At the end of the contract, you will usually have a few options:

  • Buy the vehicle outright – you’ll need to pay the vehicle's value (usually agreed at the start of your contract) minus your deposit; there may also be an additional fee.
  • Trade it in for a replacement with a new Contract Purchase.
  • Return it – there won’t be anything more to pay, as long as you’ve kept to the terms and the vehicle is not damaged.

Contract Purchase agreements are often used by people who like to change their vehicle regularly. They carry the advantage of being quite flexible. In addition, they usually offer low monthly payments since you’re not paying off the vehicle.

However, the interest rates are often higher than other types of finance agreements. You should also read the small print very carefully. In particular, watch out for penalty charges for exceeding the mileage allowance – there is an extra cost per each mile driven outside the stipulated on the agreement – and for damage to the vehicle while you’re using it – check the BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear guide for more detailed information on what is acceptable and not.

Note that you will usually need a good credit history to get approved for a Contract Purchase agreement, especially for 0% or low APR deals.

Find out more about:

Business Contract Purchase      Personal Contract Purchase

0% purchase credit card

Buying your vehicle outright on a 0% purchase credit card could be another option, as many car dealers now accept credit cards.

Generally, you will need a good credit score to get a high limit on a purchase card. So this option may be most suitable for people with good credit or those who are looking for a second hand relatively cheap vehicle.

A credit card gives you more flexibility because you can choose how much to pay off each month as long as you meet the minimum repayment.

With a 0% purchase card, you will not pay interest on your purchase for a set period.

Make sure to make the minimum monthly payments on time and in full, or you may lose the promotional rate. It's also a good idea to pay off the debt before the promotional period expires to avoid paying interest at the lender's standard rate.

Will I get accepted for vehicle finance?

Find out what criteria you need to meet to qualify for vehicle leasing in our Eligibility Guide.   A good credit score can boost your chances of getting accepted for vehicle finance at the best rates. This is because lenders work out your credit score based on information from your credit report, plus your application details – like your income – and any data they already hold on you if you are an existing customer.

You can check for your Credit Score free of charge – search online for "free credit score check", and you will be given plenty of results – this can give you an idea of how finance companies may see you.

You may also want to read our 4 tips to help improve your credit score, where you can find some helpful information.

Read our Eligibility Guide to find out what criteria you need to meet to qualify for vehicle leasing. 

Can I get vehicle finance if I’m a young driver?

You may have little to no credit history if you are a young driver. This can make it more difficult for companies to assess your ability to repay, making you less likely to be accepted.

Fortunately, there are steps you can take to improve your credit score.

Alternatively, you could consider getting a guarantor loan, allowing someone like a parent or friend to "guarantee" you will pay the debt back.

What do I need to know before applying?

Before applying for a leasing agreement to finance your new vehicle, here are some key things to consider:

  • How much do you need to borrow?
  • How much can you afford to repay each month?
  • What type of rate are you getting? If it’s variable, can you afford a rate rise?
  • How long do you want to spend repaying the finance agreement?
  • How much are you willing to pay in interest overall?
  • Do you want to own the vehicle, and how soon?
  • How long before you replace your vehicle again?
  • Are you comfortable with a mileage limit? How much mileage will you do?
  • Are there additional costs involved, e.g. extra insurance or penalty fees?

Finally, remember that getting a vehicle involves ongoing costs. If you take your leasing agreement without maintenance included, you will need to pay for insurance, road tax, MOTs, fuel, repairs, and more. Alternatively, you can add the Funder Maintenance to your agreement for a few more pounds per month which will cover most of the extra costs.

Before you commit to a vehicle finance agreement, make sure you can afford the monthly payments on top of the costs of running a vehicle – plus all your other financial commitments – which could change over time.

Missed payments can hurt your credit rating, making it more difficult to obtain credit in the future.

How should I manage my vehicle finance repayments?

Once you’ve got a vehicle finance agreement, it’s important to responsibly manage your repayments to protect your finances and credit score. Here are some top tips to follow:

  • Stick to your monthly repayments – making them on time and in total – to avoid extra charges and negative marks on your credit report
  • Budget for the month ahead to ensure you have enough to cover your repayment
  • Consider setting up a direct debit, so you never miss a payment by mistake
  • Try not to take out more credit while you’re paying off your vehicle finance agreement, as this could put your finances under pressure and lower your score

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If you have any queries, please give us a ring on 01424 863 456 or drop us one email at [email protected]. Alternatively, click below.


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Am I Eligible?

We work in partnership with many of the UK’s leading van leasing, car leasing, contract hire and finance leasing funding companies in order to provide the most competitive rates and offer you the best leasing deals possible. Our guide to eligibility will help you understand the various requirements for establishing a vehicle finance agreement.

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Achieving the best van leasing deals and the best car leasing deals has become a key consideration in the work we do, so you can get the best leasing deals. Our process is built to ensure we accurately and efficiently identify your needs and requirements, achieve the best finance deal for you, apply for finance on your behalf and provide you with the quickest delivery possible.

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